As a physiotherapist I carry out treatments for diagnosed conditions or injuries on animals only with the referral of a (or with the permission of) a veterinary surgeon.
Click the PDF link to the right of the page to download a referral form.
I concentrate of offering physiotherapy for small animals either family pet or competitive animal, it is a non-invasive approach to aid the promotion of health and quality of life . As Physiotherapy incorporates the whole of the animal, not only is the initial area treated but compensatory issues are identified and redressed to help prevent further problems. Different modalities are incorporate into treatments to achieve this.
Techniques such as massage, stretching and passive range of movements are frequently used alongside therapeutic equipment such as Phototherapy, Pulsed Electric Magnetic Field Therapy (PEMF), Therapeutic Ultrasound, TENS or NMES. An exercise programme may also be incorporated into the treatment, and carried out by the owner between visits.
Initial Consultation £48 (approximately 1 - 11/4 hours consultation)
Follow up treatments £38 (40 - 50 minute consultation approximately)
Short follow ups for reviews or Modality (Laser/Ultrasound) therapy only £27 (>30 minutes)
I have been treating 2 leggeds with remedial and sports massage since the late 80's and have seen the benefit derived, therefore it is very much the back bone of the animal physiotherapy treatments. The hands can not only provide information about what is happening within the soft tissues it also useful to warm up stiff muscles, release tension, reduce adhesions, promote circulation and prevent stiffness and soreness. Massage also supports the body's natural healing processes.
It can relieve tension and stress which can build up during exercise, or through unusual activities, including postural compensations due to discomfort. This includes musculoskeletal discomfort or injury caused by trauma, whether relating to sports, postural problems or disease.
Remedial massage works with the connective and soft tissues to relieve discomfort and chronic muscular pain, increasing joint mobility and improving gait. One beneficial side effect of massage is that the effects of medication, such as painkillers, can be enhanced
Some effects of massage:
Relieves muscle spasm and make muscles softer and more pliable
Promotes good circulation which helps increase blood supply, therefore increasing delivery of nutrients to the muscles and helping in the removal of toxins from the body.
Division of adhesions
Relieve anxiety and discomfort
Preparation for passive movement , or passive and active stretches
Pulsed Electromagnetic Therapy
Pulsed electromagnetic therapy is an aid to help the natural repair of injuries by helping to establish the optimum conditions for healing to take place.
All living cells within the body possess potentials which under normal healthy circumstances are fixed. However when cells are damaged, these potentials change and therefore the balance of the cell is disrupted, resulting in inflammation, toxin build up which ultimately leads to pain and tissue damage.
The correct term for phototherapy is biophotomodulation, it is the use of light to stimulate activity in depleted cells. Although it is used frequently for wound healing, it is also beneficial in treating neurological and orthopaedic conditions. As cellular activity is increased collagen production is stimulated, endorphins are released and inflammation reduced.
Effects of Phototherapy
Inflammatory conditions (e.g., bursitis, tendonitis, arthritis).
Tissue repair (fractures, tendon ruptures, ligament tears, torn cartilage, nerve regeneration).
Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF)
When cells are damaged the normal balance within them alters, this causes pain, inflammation and further damage. PEMF therapy is effective because the electromagnetic fields emit micro-currents which activate specific biological responses at a cellular level re- establishing the electrical charges around the damaged cells, thus restoring balance.
The effects of pulsed electromagnetic therapy :
Increase blood supply, which delivers nutrients to the area by vasodilation
Reduce inflammation, oedema by vasoconstriction
Aid fracture repair
Ultrasound therapy is commonly used to treat musculoskeletal injuries. It is based upon a stream of compression waves that forms a sonic beam, which is then transferred to the tissues through a transducer head.
Therapeutic ultrasound is sound waves generated by a piezoelectric effect caused a vibration which passes through the into local soft tissues. Ultrasound is applied using the head of an ultrasound probe that is placed in direct contact with the skin via a transmission coupling gel. The vibration can cause a deep heating locally though usually no sensation of heat will be felt by the patient
Effects of therapeutic ultrasound:
Increased healing rates
Scar tissue breakdown.
TENS = Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
NEMS = Electrical muscle stimulation
Whilst both produce low voltage electric impulses, they have very different purposes.
TENS stimulates nerves to reduce pain signals being sent to the brain.
NEMS create muscle contraction by mimicking the action of the nervous system to encourage activity within the targeted muscle in the treatment of atrophy.